Reinforcement in underpinning, piles, beams and basements


The purpose of this standard is to give candidates the knowledge and understanding of reinforcement in underpinning, piles, beams and basements.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry


Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours


The purpose of this standard is to give candidates the knowledge and understanding of reinforcement in underpinning, piles, beams and basements.


  • reasons for reinforcement
  • underpinning, piles, beams, basements
  • mass concrete underpinning
  • other underpinning methods
  • best practice tips.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups:

  • operative and craft.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • A train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • Successfully completed training to this standard 
  • At least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • A verifiable CV.


Delivery may be in an on or off the job environment.

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

The following delivery methods may be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom
  • a blend of classroom and e-learning

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more theoretical learning.


For the successful completion of training, the trainer must be satisfied that the candidate has achieved all of the learning outcomes.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard. 

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the Training Standard. 

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk-based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.


There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

November 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to Additional guidance to support learning outcome
Describe why constructions need to be reinforced See: The philopsophy of underpinning by Clive Richardson
Distinguish between underpinning, piles, beams and basements  
Describe mass concrete reinforcement  
Describe alternatives to mass concrete underpinning  
List some “best practice”/”top tips” for reinforcement of underpinning, piles, beams and basements See ASUC basement guidelines


Additional information about this standard


Find out how to claim a grant for short duration training courses

ATO course accreditation

Find out how to accredit a training course to a standard.