Machine applied markings appreciation


The purpose of this standard is to provide overview knowledge of the core skills in mobile road marking using these methods: spray, extrusion, and profile.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry


Minimum 2 days of 6 learning hours per day


The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with the knowledge and skills to safely set up and use an airless spray paint machine (Graco type) to install road markings using cold liquid type paints.

The scope of this standard covers:

  • machine outline
  • health & safety
  • materials
  • starting up
  • basic maintenance techniques
  • safe cleaning methods
  • safe transportation of machine and materials.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational group:

  • operative and craft.

Candidate pre-requisites

For this training, it would be beneficial if candidates had a basic knowledge of the installation of thermoplastic road markings using hand screed techniques.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • successfully completed training to this standard
  • at least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • a verifiable CV.


The following method(s) may be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • On the job in a safe environment
  • Classroom.

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

Learning will use a blend of classroom and practical learning aimed at ensuring the candidate can safely use the pedestrian applicator to effectively install thermoplastic road markings.

This standard is considered to contain 51% or more practical training.


Methods of assessment considered appropriate for training delivered against this standard are:

  • practical assessment: off the job simulated environment
  • theory assessment: classroom, e-learning, or a combination.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard.

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard.

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.


No renewal/refreshment requirements - There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

November 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to:

Additional guidance to support learning outcome

Understand machine outline, types and identify parts

Classroom presentations
Course handouts
Practical and knowledge test

Understand their duties relating to good health & safety practices

Understand the types and safe use of different materials that can be used in the machine

Understand the types and safe use of different materials that can be used in the machine
Understand basic maintenance techniques
Demonstrate safe cleaning methods
Understand the safe transportation of machine and materials

Additional information

Health & Safety Executive (HSE)

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)

Working with substances hazardous to health. A brief guide to COSHH

Guide to PPE at Work Regulations 1992

Standards and markings for personal protective equipment

Safe use of work equipment (PUWER)

Driving at work: Managing work-related road safety

Work related road safety

Driving at work: Managing work-related road safety

Useful road related links

Scottish Occupational Road Safety Alliance (ScORSA)

Roadside precautions

Risk assessment

Workplace health, safety and welfare

Workplace transport safety


A guide to workplace transport safety

Vehicles at work

Safe driving: loading & unloading

Gas torch safety from the HSE

Gas and oxy-gas welding or brazing (guide)

Guide to PPE at Work Regulations 1992

Asphyxiation hazards in welding and allied processes

Safe use of compressed gases in welding, flame cutting and allied processes

Safety in gas welding, cutting and similar processes

COSHH essentials for welding, hot work and allied processes

Health and safety toolbox: fire safety

Health and safety toolbox: gas safety

Safe use of oxy-propane preheating torches

Approved code of practice and guidance. Dangerous substances and explosive atmospheres

Controlling fire and explosion risks in the workplace

Fire and explosion

Hazardous area classification and control of ignition sources


The PPE at Work Regulations 1992

Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER ) (1998 UK 1999 NI)

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999

The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974

The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992

Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996

Fire Precautions and Workplace Regulations 1997

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR ) 1995


BS EN 1436:2007+A1:2008 Road marking materials. Road marking performance for road users

BS EN 1424:1998 Road marking materials. Premix glass beads

BS EN 1423:2012 Road marking materials. Drop on materials. Glass beads, antiskid aggregates and mixes

BS EN 1463-1:2009 Road marking materials. Retroreflecting road studs. Initial performance requirements

BS EN 1463-2:2000 Road marking materials. Retroreflecting road studs. Road test performance spec’ns

BS EN 1463-3. Road marking materials. Part 3. Active road studs

BS EN 1790:2013 Road marking materials. Preformed road markings

BS EN 1871:2000 Road marking materials. Physical properties

BS EN 1871. Road marking materials. Paint, thermoplastic and cold plastic materials. Specifications

BS 3262-3:1989 Hot-applied thermoplastic road marking materials. Specification to apply to road surfaces




Tax MOT insurance

The Highway Code for England, Scotland and Wales

The Highway Code for Northern Ireland 

Standards for Highways

Books and guides