Lifting and moving heavy timbers


This intermediate level standard provides the learner with the information and skills to safely lift and move heavy timbers for a simple oak frame structure.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry


Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours


This training module will provide the attendee with the information and skills to safely lift and move heavy timbers for a simple oak frame structure.

The scope of this standard covers:

  • personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • respiratory protective equipment (RPE)
  • move timbers in workshop
  • manual handling techniques
  • lifting with multiple people
  • rotate and position timbers
  • jacks, levers, rollers & winches
  • lifting with pallet trucks
  • lifting operations
  • mechanical equipment
  • lifting using plant
  • gin poles, shear legs and derricks

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups:

  • operative and craft

Candidate pre-requisites

It is expected that the candidate will be employed within the oak frame industry or have significant relevant carpentry experience.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • successfully completed training to this standard
  • at least 10 years relevant industrial experience
  • a verifiable CV


Delivery may be in an on or off the job environment.

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

The following delivery methods may/may not be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom
  • workshop

This standard is considered to contain 51% or more practical learning.

This standard is considered to be set at an intermediate level.


For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment and knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard. 

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the Training Standard. 

Approved training organisations will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.


There is no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

April 2019

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 year(s) from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to: Additional guidance to support learning outcome

Select, fit and use the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), store, maintain and report defects in training and work equipment.

Will be able to Identify the correct PPE and understand storage, maintenance and employer damage reporting procedures for:

• safety footwear

• safety gloves

• safety eyewear

• RPE/dust masks

• knee protectors

• hearing protectors

• hard hats

• high visibility clothing

Be familiar with Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) regulations, workshop hazard identification, safe working conditions.

Move timbers safely in the workshop.

Describe and apply risk assessment procedures to all timber movements with reference to workplace risk assessments and safe methods of work.

Demonstrate that you know where to find your workplace safety policy, and be aware of your H&S responsibilities to abide by it.

Use manual handling techniques to move timbers.

Demonstrate an understanding of safe manual lifting techniques.

Explain maximum lifting loads and Health and Safety Executive guidelines.

Lift timbers with two or more people.

Explain how to ensure safe access, plan movement, absence of trip hazards, assessment of the weight of the load to be moved.

Rotate and position heavy timbers using assisted manual methods.

Detail different low impact techniques and strategies for moving, rotating and positioning large timbers to include:

  • counterbalance techniques
  • timber tongs
  • slings and handles
  • levers
  • canthooks
  • beam spanners
  • mauls and thumpers

Position timbers using jacks and levers.

Describe safe and appropriate use, and maintenance of hydraulic jacks, mechanical jacks.

Move timbers using rollers.

Assess the weight of timber to be moved and the suitability of rollers for the task.

Move timbers using winches.

Explain the safe Working Load limit of winch and apply appropriately with regard to horizontal or inclined timber movements.

Explain how to select and assess a suitable anchor point.

Move timbers using high lift or low level pallet trucks.

Establish the working load limit (WLL) of equipment and assess weight of timber to be moved.

Set up appropriate banksman operations.

Explain the importance of a clear safe route of movement.

Carry out lifting operations.

Describe the requirements for a lifting plan and risk assessment for all lifting operations.

Carry out lifting using mechanical equipment.

Describe how to use materials lifts in accordance with manufacturers instructions and safe working practise with strict regard to planned lifting method and risk assessments.

Carry out lifting using plant.

Explain crane lifting operations.

Lift and move timbers using rigging techniques and the following methods:

  • gin poles
  • shear legs
  • derrick

Describe the principles of rigging and lifting using rope & blocks.

Recognise the safe WLL of different kinds of ropes and cables.

Use appropriate methods to anchor the lifting equipment including solid anchor positions, ground anchors, counterweights and assess their suitability for a given lifting task.

Additional information

Recommended reading:


FRAMING ROOFS – The best of Fine Homebuilding

BARNS OF RURAL BRITAIN –Graham Hughes ISBN 0-906969-36-0

TIMBER FRAME – Ted Benson ISBN 1-56158-281-6

TIMBER FRAMED BUILDINGS – John Bailey Bed Bucks and Cam Historic Building Research Group