PREVIEW: Introduction to health and safety in construction

This preview is for ATOs only. The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with knowledge and skills required to work safely in a construction environment.

This standard is available to ATOs to preview before it’s finally published. You should make sure your course matches these details. This standard will eventually supersede the existing standard in development. 

Until then, continue to publicise your courses against the existing title on the Construction Training Directory.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry


Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours


The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with knowledge and skills required to work safely in a construction environment.

The scope includes:

  • Principles of risk assessment of maintaining and improving health and safety at work
  • Importance of safe manual handling in the workplace
  • Importance of working safely at height in the workplace
  • Risks to health within a construction environment
  • Importance of working around plant and equipment safely.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups:

  • operative and craft.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • A train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • Successfully completed training to this standard 
  • At least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • A verifiable CV.


The following methods may be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom
  • e-learning.

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more theoretical learning.


For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.

Where this training standard is assessed using a multiple choice questions, learners are required to achieve an overall pass mark of at least 80 per cent.

Quality assurance

Quality Assurance against this standard will require the Approved Training Organisation (ATO) to hold approval with a third party Awarding Organisation, Industry Training Board, or professional institute for the specific course or qualification linked to this standard. 

The course or qualification must have externally set test(s) or exam(s) and be externally quality assured by the third party. 

This standard is not intended for mapping of ATOs' own standalone courses.

Third party awarding organisations should submit their qualifications or courses for approval, before their delivery centres can be approved by CITB against this standard.


Health & Safety Executive (HSE), other relevant codes of practice or industry card scheme criteria recommend that the candidate completes a refresher of his/her training (i.e. to ensure their knowledge and/or skills are up to date) every 5 years.

Approval date

December 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 year(s) from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to:

  • State the purpose of risk assessments and method statements including their legal requirements.
  • State common causes of work-related fatalities and injuries.
  • State the implications of not preventing accidents and ill health at work.
  • State the meaning of the following in relation to health and safety at work:
    • accident
    • near miss
    • hazard
    • risk
    • competence.
  • List typical hazards/risks associated with the following:
    • resources
    • equipment
    • obstructions
    • storage
    • services
    • wastes
    • work activities.
  • State the importance of reporting accidents and near misses.
  • State typical accident reporting procedures.
  • State the reasons for ensuring safe manual handling in the workplace including potential ill health that may occur from incorrect manual handling.
  • State the procedures for safe lifting in accordance with official guidance.
  • State the importance of using site safety equipment when handling materials and equipment.
  • List aids available to assist manual handling in the workplace.
  • Define the term ‘working at height’.
  • State the employee’s responsibilities under current legislation and official guidance whilst working at height.
  • List hazards/risks associated with the following:
    • dropping tools and debris
    • stability of ladders
    • overhead cables
    • fragile roofs
    • scaffolds
    • internal voids
    • equipment
    • working area
    • other people.
  • State how hazards/risks associated with working at height can be controlled.
  • State the regulation that controls the use of suitable equipment for working at height.
  • List substances hazardous to health under current regulations.
  • List common risks to health within a construction environment.
  • State the types of hazards/risks that may occur in the workplace linked with use of drugs and alcohol.
  • State the importance of the correct storage of combustibles and chemicals on site.
  • State the importance of personal hygiene within a construction environment.
  • State the potential hazards/risks to the health of workers exposed to asbestos.
  • State types of asbestos waste.
  • State types of personal protective equipment (PPE) used when dealing with hazardous materials.
  • List ways in which moving machinery can cause injuries.
  • State hazards/risks relating to the use of plant and equipment.
  • State the importance of keeping a safe distance away from plant/machinery and equipment until clear contact is made with the operator.
  • Identify hazard warning signs and symbols used around the use of plant and equipment.

Additional information related to this standard

Health and Safety Executive (HSE) guidance