NEC3 contract introduction


The standard focuses on the common philosophies of the NEC family of contracts and main detail upon the key mechanics and provisions of the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract (ECC). 


Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours


The purpose of this standard is to provide learners with knowledge of the common philosophies of the NEC family of contracts and main detail upon the key mechanics and provisions of the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract (ECC).

The scope of this standard covers:

  • Key aspects of ECC
  • Contract strategy options i.e. primary ECC options A-F and secondary options
  • Contract data, works information, site information
  • Tender documents and assessment of submissions
  • Amending key contractual clauses and mechanisms
  • Responsibilities
  • Subcontracting
  • Early warnings, provisions for time and programme
  • Testing and defects
  • Payment, compensation events
  • Risk and insurances, dispute resolution

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational group(s):

  • supervision
  • management and leadership.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard. However, a basic knowledge of contract terminology and techniques would be beneficial.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • successfully completed training to this standard 
  • at least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • a verifiable CV.


The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

The following delivery methods may be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom
  • a blend of classroom and e-learning

Delivery should provide opportunities to investigate, explore, analyse and review all aspects of NEC3.

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more theoretical training.


For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard. 

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard. 

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk-based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.


There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

To be confirmed

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to:

  • describe the range of contracts within the NEC3 suite
  • describe the use and appropriate contract strategy to adopt when choosing both primary options (A-F) and secondary options (X1-X20)
  • describe contract data, works information and site information
  • prepare tender documents and assess tender submissions
  • describe common amendments often made in the form of “Z clauses” and their potential to alter the dynamics or risk profile of an un-amended contract
  • describe the roles and responsibilities of key parties
  • outline the important ECC clauses and processes, in particular early warning, the programme, risk register, communications and compensation events
  • apply the ECC in practice and achieve satisfactory solutions to problems.