Reinforced concrete for engineers and supervisors


This standard aims to provide learners including engineers’ foreman, supervisors, gangers and graduates with knowledge and understanding of inspecting, pouring and testing of products relating to steel reinforcement, formwork and poured concrete.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry


Minimum 3 days of 6 learning hours per day


This standard is aimed at engineers’ foreman, supervisors, gangers and graduates who require an improvement in their knowledge and understanding of inspecting, pouring and testing of products relating to steel reinforcement, formwork and poured concrete. The content is relevant to all types of construction including earthworks, roads, houses, buildings, foundations, piles, structures and reinforced concrete.

The scope covers:

  • reinforcement:
  • materials
  • storage
  • erecting/building from drawings
  • building formwork shutters around reinforcement
  • checking cover
  • visual pre-pour inspections
  • identifying and rectifying problems
  • operational elements of concrete
  • common issues in concrete and steel design
  • selecting aggregates, cement and admixtures
  • terminology
  •  carry out slump tests
  • cubes for compaction
  • testing plastic concrete.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational group(s):

  • operative and craft
  • supervision.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard. However candidates are expected to be familiar with basic maths and written English and construction drawings.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • a verifiable CV demonstrating extensive experience in construction across a broad range of construction projects (civils, building etc) and current experience / CPD
  • successfully completed training to this standard
  • at least 10 years relevant industrial experience.


Delivery may be in an off the job environment. Practical and classroom based.

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

The following delivery methods shall be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom
  • concrete laboratory for mixing, cubing, testing and crushing.

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more practical learning.


For the successful completion of training, the trainer will be required to make a declaration of the learner’s contribution during the course and that they are confident the learner has understood the content of the course.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard.

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard.

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.


There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

November 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to: Additional guidance to support learning outcome
Identify different materials, bar types, diameter, shape code and schedules reinforcement
Identify the need for storage and call off of reinforcement including handling of reinforcement
Identify information from drawing specification

Erect/build steel reinforcement to specification
Identify traditional or system formwork shutters and components/ accessories to erect around reinforcement to specification
Build and erect formwork shutters around reinforcement to specification from drawings  
Transfer levels around formwork and reinforcement, checking cover  
Carry out visual pre pour inspections and identify problems and inaccuracies  
Rectify problems and sign off inspection
Describe the operational elements of concrete  
Identify common issues in concrete and steel design
Describe selection and function of aggregates, cement and admixtures
Clarify elements of precise concrete designation terminology
Carry out slump tests and use information to ensure appropriate workability
Prepare cubes for compaction and translate results
Including: testing of hardened concrete, casting test specimens (cubes), storage of specimens and non-destructive testing for strength assessment
Methods placing Skip, pump, tremie, slip-form, jump-form, foamed concrete, sprayed concrete.
Test plastic concrete Discussion and identification  around sampling, consistence – slump and flow, self-compacting concrete: slump-flow and other tests:
  • entrained air
  • fibres
  • plastic density
  • estimating yield
Finish and strike formwork Practical application and striking forms or formwork, cleaning and storage of materials and equipment

Additional information about this standard

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational group(s):

  • students studying civil engineering or construction management at any level
  • trainee engineers and construction managers who are already involved in concrete activities
  • graduate engineers and construction managers
  • operative and craft supervision who use concrete and steel reinforcement and would like to increase their productivity and range of skills

Health & Safety Executive (HSE) guides:

Health & Safety at Work etc Act 1974

Health and safety in construction

Personal protective equipment a brief guide







Manual handling


Hand-arm vibration



  • Health and Safety at Work etc Act (HSWA) 1974
  • The Work at Height Regulations (WHR) 2005
  • Work at Height (Amended) 2007
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Regulations 2002
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) at Work Regulations 1992
  • Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) (1998 UK 1999 NI)
  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH )2002
  • Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998
  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR ) 1995
  • Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM) 2015
  • Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 as amended 2002
  • Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005
  • Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005.