Concrete placing compacting and finishing

This training standard is designed to familiarise candidates with different methods of concrete transport and placing methods, best practice in compacting and finishing, and the influence of concrete mix design.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry


Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours


This training standard is designed to familiarise with different methods of concrete transport and placing methods, best practice in compacting and finishing, and the influence of concrete mix design.


  • transport methods after discharge from batcher or truck
  • construction types
  • placing methods
  • compaction methods
  • finishing methods
  • effect of concrete composition
  • reasons for blemishes and defects.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational group(s):

  • operative and craft
  • supervision.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard. However a basic knowledge and experience of concrete would be beneficial.


As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • successfully completed training to this standard
  • at least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • a verifiable CV.


Delivery may be in a classroom environment.

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

This standard is considered to contain 51% or more theoretical learning.


For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.  

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard.

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard.

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.


There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard 

Approval date

November 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to: Additional guidance to support learning outcome
Show awareness of Standards BS EN 13670, general, surface finish, curing classes
Recognise construction types Fixed form, slip-form, jump-form, tunnel-form, mass fill, ground and suspended slabs
List transport methods, and when best to use Pump, skip, spray, chute, etc. Nuances of each e.g. time, hazards, resources, rate 
List finishing methods Including curing and protection
Describe effects of constituents on placing, compaction and finishing Changes in cement content and type, water content, use of admixtures, ambient conditions, consistence retention
Describe blemishes and defects Honeycombing, pour lines, ghosting, reinforcement ripple, plastic cracking, dusting, crazing etc

Additional information about this standard

Concrete Society:

TR 74 Cementitious materials

GCG 8 Concrete practice

Health & Safety Executive (HSE) guides:

Health & Safety at Work etc Act 1974

Health and safety in construction

Personal protective equipment a brief guide







Manual handling


Hand-arm vibration




  • Health and Safety at Work etc Act (HSWA) 1974
  • The Work at Height Regulations (WHR) 2005
  • Work at Height (Amended) 2007
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Regulations 2002
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) at Work Regulations 1992
  • Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) (1998 UK 1999 NI)
  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH )2002
  • Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998
  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR ) 1995
  • Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM) 2015
  • Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 as amended 2002
  • Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005
  • Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005.